Arthritis: Joint Pain, Fever, Swelling in the Knee, Gout, Osteoarthritis

If you're suffering joint pain, fever, swelling in the knee or other joints, fatigue, check this out, it might be symptoms of arthritis such as gout, osteoarthritis, bursitis or rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis: Joint Pain, Fever, Swelling in the Knee, Gout, Osteoarthritis

Our bones fit to each other in a lot of joints; knee joints, hip joints, the joints in the fingers and the joints in the toes. Wherever bones meet, there is also cartilage, a rubbery, protective layer that ensures the joints bend smoothly and painlessly. But even cartilage cannot do this excellent function alone. It also needs synovium, a thin membrane which supplies fluid that lubricates the moving parts of the joint.

Arthritis is a series of condition where the joints of the body are damaged or inflamed because the cartilage wears out or the synovium becomes inflamed. It can affect several part of the body and can be caused by several different factors. Arthritis typically causes joint pain and swelling in the affected area.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The main symptom of arthritis is joint pain and swelling, but the symptoms can vary depending on what type of arthritis you have. Below are a few types of arthritis and its symptoms.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic, painful and degenerative inflammatory arthritis of the joints in the spine. It is also known as Marie-Strumpell disease and rheumatoid spondylitis. This disorder affects multiple organs such as eyes, heart, lungs, skin, and gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of this type of arthritis include: chronic pain and stiffness in the hip and low back; difficulty expanding the chest; pain in neck, shoulders, knees, and ankles; low-grade fever; fatigue; weight loss. Ankylosing spondylitis typically attacks young people. It is rarely found in people over 30 years old.

Bursitis

Bursitis is another form of arthritis. Bursitis usually affects the hip, shoulder, and elbow. But it can also affect the knee, heel, or base of big toe. This arthritis is often caused by sports related injury to the bursa and overuse of the muscle protecting the bursa. It mostly affects athletes, golfers, baseball players, etc. although people who are out of shape and have poor posture might experience it too. Symptoms of Bursitis are joint pain and swelling. The symptoms become worse when joint is used. The joint may also be stiff and warm to the touch. Joint pain which is accompanied by fever and swelling might be a sign of infectious bursitis. Read also about other possible causes of pain and swelling at the base of big toe: Swelling on Bottom of Feet at Toes, Red Itchy Toes, Swollen Foot Pads.

Gout

Arthritis: Joint Pain, Fever, Swelling in the Knee, Gout, Osteoarthritis
Gouty tophi on knee and elbow of middle aged nurse By NickGorton (NickGorton) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC-BY-2.5], via Wikimedia Commons

Gout is a form of arthritis where the body builds up too much uric acid and causes uric acid crystals to be formed on the cartilages, tendons and surrounding tissues. The symptoms of gout arthritis are intense pain as well as swelling, redness, stiffness and warmth in the affected joint. Gout usually attacks the big toe although it occurs in the wrists, heel, spine, ankles, and knees too. Arthritis symptoms may not come back for several years. But if crystals formed by the uric acid are left untreated, it can destroy part of the bone.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in older people. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage can be eroded so much that bone does rub on bone. This disorder develops gradually over a lifetime as a simple result of the wear and tear placed on the joints over the years.

Most people will experience some degree of osteoarthritis from slight to more severe. In fact, if you are over the age of 50, you are likely to have at least one joint affected by osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis affects men and women equally and is by far the most common occurring of arthritis type.

Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint of the body, but typically affect the hips, feet, spine and knee. Depending on which part of the body is affected, arthritis symptoms may vary. The main symptom is acute pain in the affected muscles and tendons. It’s usually accompanied by swelling in the knee too. With osteoarthritis though, even though the arthritis never goes away, the pain fades over time.

Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of water retention or swelling in the knee joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an overactive immune system attacking certain tissues in the body, including those that connect the joints and the synovium. It usually occurs in the joints of the hands, feet and cervical spine although shoulder and knee might be affected too.

Rheumatoid arthritis usually begins with swollen, red, stiff, and painful joints, but it may progress until scar tissue forms in the joint or, in extreme cases, until the bones actually fuse together. Treatment for this is most effective if caught within the first few months. This disorder can occur as early as teen years.

If you experience some of the arthritis symptoms such as joint pain and swelling in the knee or other body parts, contact your caregiver as soon as possible. It’s easier to treat arthritis in the early stages than in more advanced stages. You can also get more information on arthritis symptoms from the Arthritis Foundation. align=