One of the many causes of swelling and bumps on face is an abscess tooth. Let's learn further about swelling in the face and abscess tooth in this article.
A tooth abscess or root abscess is a painful infection at the root of a tooth or between the gum and a tooth. This can be caused by untreated cavity or deep decay, cracked teeth or gum diseases. Often the abscess arises from a bacterial infection that has accumulated in the soft, often dead, pulp of the tooth. The bacteria then spread from the tooth to the tissue around and beneath it and to the bones supporting it. A failed root canal treatment may also create a similar abscess. An abscess tooth may cause swelling in the face.
Types of tooth abscess
- Periapical abscess
Periapical or root-tip abscess is an abscess at the base of the tooth's root originating from an infection of the pulp of the tooth. A periapical abscess is usually caused by deep decay or an accident.
- Lateral abscess
Lateral abscess develops along the lateral surface of the tooth’s root where the infection comes from outside. A lateral abscess can be gingival or periodontal.
Symptoms of an abscessed tooth
- Severe and continuous toothaches, resulting either in extreme, gnawing, throbbing pains or brief, sharp pains
- Pain when chewing
- Sensitivity to hot or cold or bitter taste
- Foul smell to the breath
- Swollen neck glands. Other cause of neck swelling is thyroid disease, learn more about it here Swollen Thyroid Gland – Diseases, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment.
- General discomfort
- Redness and swelling at either the base of the tooth, the gum, and/or swelling in the face or the cheek
- Severe aching and discomfort on the side of the face where the tooth is infected.
Swollen face causes in abscessed tooth patients
An acute abscess may be painless but still have a swelling present on the gum. In some cases, a tooth abscess may perforate bone and start draining into the surrounding tissues creating local facial swelling abscess tooth.
Complications of tooth abscess
- Loss of the tooth
- Spread of infection to soft tissue and/or the jawbone
- Spread of infection to other areas of the body resulting in brain abscess, endocarditis, pneumonia, or other disorders.
Treatment of abscessed tooth
Successful treatment of a dental abscess centers on the strategies to alleviate the symptoms such as facial swelling, eliminate the offending organisms, preserve the tooth, and prevent complications. This can include treatment with antibiotics and drainage. If the tooth can be restored, abscess drainage procedure known as root canal therapy can be performed. A tooth that has undergone root canal therapy is more brittle, thus must be crowned to give the tooth sufficient strength. Non-restorable teeth, such as tooth with decay too deep or that has broken at the gum line, must be extracted to allow drainage through the socket, followed by removal of all apical soft tissue. Other possible way to drain the abscess would be by incision into the swollen gum tissue. Antibiotics maybe needed to help fight the infection.
Home treatment for abscessed tooth
You may be able to reduce pain and swelling in your face and jaw from an abscessed tooth using an ice pack on the outside of your cheek. You can also try a nonprescription medicine to help relieve your face or jaw pain, such as Acetaminophen, Tylenol or Panadol. Medicines that reduce jaw or facial swelling abscess tooth are ibuprofen such as Advil or Motrin, naproxen such as Aleve or Naprosyn, and ketoprofen such as Actron or Orudis. Aspirin can also reduce swollen face and jaw although some people should not take Aspirin. All these are only temporary solution for your abscessed tooth, you should visit your dentist for further treatment.
There you have it! A brief explanation about swelling in the face and abscess tooth. Remember, following good oral hygiene practices can reduce the risk of developing a tooth abscess. Moreover, if you experience teeth trauma or have persistent, throbbing toothaches, facial swelling due to abscess tooth or other symptoms of tooth abscess, you should seek further dental attention to determine your toothaches or swollen face causes and get the right treatment promptly.
Pain when chewing