Kidney is one of our vital organs. It removes excess fluid, waste, toxic substances from the blood, regulates blood volume and controls our blood pressure. Click here for more detail about the kidneys and how they work. When the kidneys fail to function normally because of some factors, many symptoms will be present. One of the symptoms is water retention or swelling especially in the legs, feet or ankles and potentially in the hand, face or body cavity.
- In chronic liver disease, the liver is scarred and damaged thus it can not function as normal as it should. One of the complications of this condition is excessive water retention build-up in the body. Abdominal fluid retention or ascites occurs mostly in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, although other liver disorders can cause it too. Abdominal fluid retention may be accompanied by swelling in the ankles. There’re two main factors or causes of fluid retention in patients with chronic liver disease:
- The prostate is part of the male reproductive organ contributing in the semen secretion. It is a cone-shaped glandular organ round the neck of the bladder. It has 5 lobes: anterior, posterior, two laterals and one median lobe. Any injury in the prostate will obstruct urination and ejaculation since part of the urethra (the duct that conveying urine and semen from the bladder) is surrounded by the prostate. Some diseases of prostate gland include: prostatitis: an inflammation of the tissue of the prostate gland because of bacterial infection; benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): a non cancerous tumor of the prostate which is caused by the enlargement of the prostate gland.
- Hernia is an abnormal protrusion of internal organs through an abnormal opening in the wall of the abdomen. It’s a combination of increased pressure within the body and weakness in the body wall that damages the abdominal wall leading to protrusion through the thin membrane and stomach swelling. The abnormal protrusion of internal organs is mainly portions of intestines or abdominal fatty tissue. It will form a swelling which will increase the size with coughing, lifting weight and while passing stool and urine.
- Ascites is the abnormal buildup of excess fluid in the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity. Almost 80% of all ascites cases are considered to be caused by cirrhosis of the liver and at least 10% of cases are counted for advanced cancer disease. Ascites caused by cancer is called malignant ascites. It has a high incidence in patients of advanced ovarian, endometrial (the lining of the womb), breast, stomach, colon, lymphoma and pancreatic cancers.