Although proper diet and drinking larger quantities of water are a natural way of getting rid of the excess of uric acid from the body, some medicines can also help to normalize the levels of the substance.
Medical treatment for gout
- The medical treatment of gout generally acts on two levels: it normalizes serum uric acid levels and relieves gout attacks. In order to ameliorate pain attacks, doctors usually prescribe gout sufferers non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchinide or injections with corticosteroids. Medications such as probenecid, sulfinpyrazone and allopurinol are usually used in the treatment of gout for preventing the recurrence of pain attacks.
- The medical treatment is followed by an alkaline-ash and low-purine diet. Fluid is increased, which the doctor also recommends that the patient avoid kidney beans, anchovies, sardines, liver, alcohol, and shellfish.
- Once the diet for gout patients is set in motion, doctors will start to assess the patient’s integumentary rank. Additional actions are taken, including skin care. The joints are monitored to reduce edema, pain, and slowness in the range of motion (ROM).
- Many symptoms of gout can be ameliorated by following an appropriate gout treatment. However, when suffering from chronic forms of gout the symptoms reappear after certain periods of time, an ongoing treatment is necessary.
Drugs for gout treatment
Although many medicines prescribed for gout don’t prevent pain attacks from recurring, they are effective for temporarily reducing it. Below are some common medications for the treatment of gout.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)
Common drugs prescribed for gout treatment are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as indomethacin, ketoprofen, diclofenac, ibuprofen, and naproxen. They are great to reduce the inflammation and also alleviate the pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs are usually well-tolerated by the body and have no side-effects. They are taken orally, in the quantities prescribed by the doctor. Indomethacin is a widely used NSAID in the treatment of gout. Sufferers must avoid Aspirin and aspirin-containing products during the attack of gout.
Another medicine prescribed for gout treatment is Colchicine. Although it’s very effective in relieving pain and discomfort of the affected areas of gout, it does have side-effects of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Because of this, Colchicine is only prescribed to patients suffering from acute gout or to those who don’t respond well to gout treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Corticosteroids are also used in some gout treatments. They provide rapid relief for joint pain and tenderness. They are usually injected directly into the affected joint. But, they are used only in cases of severe gout attacks, due to their multiple side-effects. Those people who have had multiple attacks or developed tophi or kidney stones should stabilize uric acid level in the blood.
Allopurinol is an inhibitor that decreases the quantities of uric acid produced by the body. Uricosuric agents like probenecid and sulfinpyrazone improve the activity of the kidneys, aiding the process of excretion.
Another important drug to help the kidney in eliminating excess uric acid is probenecid.
Zyloprim, is a potent treatment for gout, and is usually prescribe for gout patients with kidney stones or other kidney problems. This drug slows down the rate of production of uric acid by the body. It may cause some side-effects such as skin rashes and stomach upset, but they usually go away as the body began accustomed to the drug.
Home remedies to cure gout and prevent gout infection
Although the disease can be corrected through an appropriate gout treatment, there is no specific cure for it. Many medicines prescribed for gout usually control its symptoms, rather than the actual causes.
Due to the fact that there are no specific medications for the treatment of gout, it is very important to take steps in preventing the disease from occurring. An appropriate diet, good exercise and a healthy lifestyle play very important roles in the prevention and treatment of gout. They can successfully alleviate the symptoms of gout and can actually reverse the undesirable effects of the disease. The following are some of the simple home remedies that you can take to cure gout and prevent the gout attacks:
- Maintain a healthy weight and diet. It is not recommended being 30 pounds (or more) overweight. The more you’re overweight, the higher your uric acid level. The higher incidence of the uric acid leads to frequent and intense gout attacks.
- Lose weight if you need to. By losing weight you reduce the pressure on weight-bearing joints and also lower uric acid levels. However, you don’t want to use practices that encourage rapid weight loss such as fasting as it can raise the uric acid level temporarily.
- Control the blood pressure: Gout patients who also have high blood pressure need to be extra careful. This is because the blood pressure medications may raise the levels of uric acid. Hence, it is advisable to control the blood pressure naturally by lowering the intake of the sodium, exercising regularly, reducing the excess weight and eliminating stress.
- Skip high protein foods especially organ meats, liver and certain types of fish. This is another home remedy to cure and reduce gout attacks. It is suggested for a person to eat no more than six ounces of lean meat, fish and poultry, particularly those who already have gout. A high-protein food increases the blood level of uric acid.
- Divide your usual meals into smaller portions and avoid eating right before going to bed.
- Stop the drink: If you are suffering from gout, avoid alcohol. This is because alcohol stimulates the production of uric acid. Beer is the main culprit as it has higher purine content than the other wines or spirits.
- Drink a lot: Drinking lots of water will help kidneys flush out the excess uric acid. Dehydration is also known to trigger gout attack. You can increase the urinary output by drinking at least five glasses of water a day.
- Exercise is another essential for curing pains caused by gout. Stretching increases and maintains a range of motion in the joints and helps strengthen and stabilize them. This also increases the endurance and stamina of the body overall.
- Improve your sex life: It has been found that if you are a man, having frequent sexual activity reduces the levels of uric acid.
- Take care of your feet: reduce repetitive use of joints, and avoiding sports injuries by including proper warm-ups are also important, as it choosing suitable sports equipment for exercising. Also, wear shoes around the house and protect the feet from the daily accidents, you don’t want to injure your big toe.
- If you experience pain in the back, you will need to learn stretch exercises to minimize the pain. You can also learn additional strategies in proper sitting, lying down, standing, lifting, etc. to reduce back pain and other pain that emerges from gouty arthritis. For instance, when sitting you can practice helpful strategies to avoid injury, such as using an armrest to lower the body, as well as avoid bending or twisting when you raise your body from the chair.
Collaborated with an appropriate diet for gout patients and lifestyle improvements, drugs for gout treatment available today can in time overcome gout, also minimizing the chances of relapse.