Kidney is one of our vital organs. It removes excess fluid, waste, toxic substances from the blood, regulates blood volume and controls our blood pressure. Click here for more detail about the kidneys and how they work. When the kidneys fail to function normally because of some factors, many symptoms will be present. One of the symptoms is water retention or swelling especially in the legs, feet or ankles and potentially in the hand, face or body cavity.
- In chronic liver disease, the liver is scarred and damaged thus it can not function as normal as it should. One of the complications of this condition is excessive water retention build-up in the body. Abdominal fluid retention or ascites occurs mostly in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, although other liver disorders can cause it too. Abdominal fluid retention may be accompanied by swelling in the ankles. There’re two main factors or causes of fluid retention in patients with chronic liver disease:
- The prostate is part of the male reproductive organ contributing in the semen secretion. It is a cone-shaped glandular organ round the neck of the bladder. It has 5 lobes: anterior, posterior, two laterals and one median lobe. Any injury in the prostate will obstruct urination and ejaculation since part of the urethra (the duct that conveying urine and semen from the bladder) is surrounded by the prostate. Some diseases of prostate gland include: prostatitis: an inflammation of the tissue of the prostate gland because of bacterial infection; benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): a non cancerous tumor of the prostate which is caused by the enlargement of the prostate gland.
- Hernia is an abnormal protrusion of internal organs through an abnormal opening in the wall of the abdomen. It’s a combination of increased pressure within the body and weakness in the body wall that damages the abdominal wall leading to protrusion through the thin membrane and stomach swelling. The abnormal protrusion of internal organs is mainly portions of intestines or abdominal fatty tissue. It will form a swelling which will increase the size with coughing, lifting weight and while passing stool and urine.
- Ascites is the abnormal buildup of excess fluid in the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity. Almost 80% of all ascites cases are considered to be caused by cirrhosis of the liver and at least 10% of cases are counted for advanced cancer disease. Ascites caused by cancer is called malignant ascites. It has a high incidence in patients of advanced ovarian, endometrial (the lining of the womb), breast, stomach, colon, lymphoma and pancreatic cancers.
- Ascites is an excess fluid retention or edema within the abdominal or peritoneal cavity, the membrane lining the abdominal organs and the abdomen itself. A combination of low levels of albumin and elevated pressure of hepatic portal vein is the main cause of abdominal fluid retention. These conditions are usually aggravated from certain underlying diseases especially: Congestive heart failure Maglinant diseases for example metastasis of stomach or ovary cancer Liver disorder e.
- Ascites, also known as abdominal dropsy or peritoneal cavity fluid, is an accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity caused by an imbalance of fluid flow into and out of the blood and lymphatic vessels. There are three medical conditions that may lead to the imbalance of fluid flow in the body: Increased pressure in the liver, often seen in patients with cirrhosis as well as patients with massive liver metastasis Metastasis in the peritoneum Left heart faliure with edema in the body, including the abdomen and the peritoneum.
- There are two reasons why water retention occur in patients with lung diseases: The flow of the blood from the heart to the lung backs up because of increased pressure in the blood vessels. The blood buildup will leak into the surrounding tissues and lead to pulmonary edema, abdominal fluid retention, ankle and feet swelling, etc. The lung capillaries become leakier and cause fluid retention in lungs (pulmonary edema). Chronic lung disease is a general term of persistent lung disorders that impairs the function of the lungs.
- Water retention occurs in patients with heart problem or disease because of two main reasons: The blood from the body to the heart backs up causing the fluid leaks into the lungs and veins. The heart fails to deliver adequate volume of blood to the body. The kidneys maintain the balance of salt, potassium and acid thus when the kidneys sense a significant decreased of blood flow, it’ll try to compensate the seeming loss of fluid by retaining salt and water.